Tips for Embryo Transfer Procedure in IVF/ICSI Cycle
Embryo transfer; Pregnancy; IVF; ICSI; Embryo transfer procedure; Embryo transfer catheter; Difficult ET
It is well known that the success of IVF/ICSI treatment cycle depends on many factors . These factors could be related to patients treated (Age, BMI, Hormone levels, previous medical history, infertility duration, etiology and more), stimulation cycles (Stimulation protocol, duration of stimulation, drug used … etc.), and laboratory process (quality of gametes, gamete handling, insemination technique (IVF/ICSI), embryology managing and incubation) [2,3]. In addition to an important factor, that is often not realized that is the embryo transfer procedure itself. The recommendation of the evidence-based guidelines for embryo transfer procedure is to avoid difficult embryo transfer which might be responsible for a failed implantation [4,5]. A variety of techniques are available, and many supporting devices are sometimes used during the procedure (for example; Wallace stylet (Malleable Stylet, Ref. 1816NST, Smiths), forceps, tenaculum, uterine sound etc.) for what they grade as a “difficult transfer” [6,7]. In other situations, the outer-sheath is inserted to assist in helping the introduction through the internal os, or a soft inner catheter that contained the embryos is inserted directly (e.g. Wallace catheter (Sure-Pro Ultra® Embryo Transfer Replacement Catheter, Ref. PE623, Wallace), Labotect (Embryo Transfer Catheter Set, Ref. 13366, Labotect GmbH, Labor-Technik-Gottingen Kampweg 12,37124 Rosdorf, Germany) and others) . It has been shown in the literature that symptoms (such as: bleeding, tenderness, contractions etc.) may play a role in pregnancy outcome and influence the interpretation of how difficult or easy the embryo transfer is . These symptoms or signs occur during or after the embryo transfer and might interfere with embryo implantation. It was found that the uterine contractions might happen more on day-3 than day-5 due to the influence of progesterone [10-12].
In consideration of the above-mentioned points, few tips might be helpful for a more successful embryo transfer ending with a higher pregnancy rate.
If using the outer-sheath alone, there is a possibility of little uterine substances such as (blood, mucus, debris…etc.) is introduced into the outer sheath by capillarity, then, when inserting the inner catheter, the uterine substances might hinder the embryo(s) from attaching the endometrial lining. To avoid this, insert the outer sheath together with the inner sheath but keep it hidden inside the outer sheath until you pass the internal os, hold the outer sheath and introduce the inner catheter with the embryo(s) to the determined location for depositing the embryo(s).
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Received date: November 07, 2019
Published date: November 12, 2019
Address for correspondence
Howaida Hashim, Assistant Professor, Senior Embryologist, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
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How to cite this article
Howaida H. Tips for Embryo Transfer Procedure in IVF/ICSI Cycle. 2019 - 1(2) OAJBS.ID.000112.